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独立经济研究者,东方艾格农业、食品分析师,新华社特约经济分析师。农民出身,从事粮食加工技术、粮食棉花的行业、世界经济、公司战略研究,尤其关注中国粮食安全、宏观经济和国际食品企业的研究。 每日接受来自世界各地媒体关于粮食、棉花、物价、宏观经济的等以民生内容的采访。 现利用网络窗口便利同大家进行交流。

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CHINA NATIONAL AGRICUTURE ON THE 2016  

2017-03-15 09:55:29|  分类: 农业 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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According to preliminary accounting, the gross domestic product (GDP)[2] in 2016 was 74,412.7 billion yuan, up by 6.7 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value added of the primary industry was 6,367.1 billion yuan, up by 3.3 percent.The value added of the primary industry accounted for 8.6 percent of the GDP.

 

In 2016, the sown area of grain was 113.03 million hectares, a drop of 310 thousand hectares compared with that in 2015. Of this total, the sown area of wheat was 24.19 million hectares, an increase of 50 thousand hectares; the sown area of rice was 30.16 million hectares, a decrease of 50 thousand hectares; the sown area of corn was 36.76 million hectares, a decrease of 1.36 million hectares. The sown area of cotton was 3.38 million hectares, a decrease of 420 thousand hectares; the sown area of oil-bearing crops was 14.12 million hectares, an increase of 80 thousand hectares; the sown area of sugar crops was 1.68 million hectares, a decrease of 60 thousand hectares.

The total output of grain in 2016 was 616.24 million tons, a decrease of 5.20 million tons or down by 0.8 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the output of summer crops was 139.20 million tons, down by 1.2 percent, and that of the early rice was 32.78 million tons, down by 2.7 percent over the previous year. The output of autumn grain was 444.26 million tons, down by 0.6 percent. The output of cereal was 565.17 million tons, a decrease of 1.2 percent, among which the output of rice was 206.93 million tons, down by 0.6 percent; that of wheat was 128.85 million tons, down by 1.0 percent; and that of corn was 219.55 million tons, down by 2.3 percent.

 

In 2016, the output of cotton was 5.34 million tons, a decrease of 4.6 percent over the previous year, that of oil-bearing crops was 36.13 million tons, an increase of 2.2 percent and that of sugar crops was 122.99 million tons, a decrease of 1.6 percent, and that of tea was 2.41 million tons, up by 7.4 percent.

 

The total output of meat for the year reached 85.40 million tons, down by 1.0 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the output of pork was 52.99 million tons, down by 3.4 percent; that of beef was 7.17 million tons, increased by 2.4 percent; and that of mutton was 4.59 million tons, an increase of 4.2 percent, and that of poultry was 18.88 million tons, an increase of 3.4 percent. The total output of eggs was 30.95 million tons, up by 3.2 percent. The production of milk was 36.02 million tons, down by 4.1 percent. At the end of the year, 435.04 million pigs were registered in the total stocks, down by 3.6 percent, and 685.02 million pigs were slaughtered, down by 3.3 percent.

 

The total output of aquatic products in 2016 was 69.00 million tons, up by 3.0 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the output of cultured aquatic products was 51.56 million tons, up by 4.4 percent; and that of fished aquatic products was 17.44 million tons, down by 1.0 percent over the previous year. 

 

The total production of timber for the year 2016 reached 66.83 million cubic meters, a decrease of 7.0 percent compared with the previous year.

 

Over 1.18 million hectares of farmland were newly equipped with effective irrigation systems and another 2.11 million hectares of farmland was newly equipped with water-saving irrigation systems.

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