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独立经济研究者,东方艾格农业、食品分析师,新华社特约经济分析师。农民出身,从事粮食加工技术、粮食棉花的行业、世界经济、公司战略研究,尤其关注中国粮食安全、宏观经济和国际食品企业的研究。 每日接受来自世界各地媒体关于粮食、棉花、物价、宏观经济的等以民生内容的采访。 现利用网络窗口便利同大家进行交流。

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Monthly analysis of economic situation of China’s food industry, Jan. to July, 2017  

2017-10-17 16:42:49|  分类: 食品企业 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Data from the National Bureau of Statistics show that the operating revenue, added value and total profit of food enterprises above designated size (excluding tobacco, similarly hereinafter) respectively increased 8.35%,6.75% and 8.72% year on year, while the operating revenue, added value and total profit of all industrial enterprises respectively was 12.26%, 11.53% and 20.56%. Food industry kept stable profit in 2017, which was in stark contrast with the rapid growth in other industries. The growths of various operating revenues declined from the month before.

1 From the number of enterprises, there were 42209 food enterprises above designated size in China at the end of July, up 4.12% year on year. The total number of all agricultural product processing enterprises increased 2.25%, and the number of industrial enterprises increased 1.72%. The number of food enterprises above designated size accounted for 11.11% of the number of all industrial enterprises, increasing 0.25% year on year, of which, the numbers of agricultural and sideline products enterprises, food manufacturing enterprises and beverage enterprises (including liquor, beverage and tea making) respectively were 26097, 9100 and 7012, respectively increasing 3.15%, 5.35% and 6.21%year on year. Higher industry profitability led to sharp growth in the number of new entrants which aggregated competition and impacted profit ratio.

2 In terms of condition of assets, at the end of July, the total assets of national food industry was 66.50804 trillion yuan, up 6.20% year on year, accounting for 6.02% of national assets of industrial enterprises; total liabilities of food industry reached 3.04171 trillion yuan, up 4.48%, accounting for 5.07% of the national liabilities, and the asset-liability ratio of food industry was 47.08% which decreased 0.78% year on year and accounted for 84.36% of all industrial enterprises.

3 As for operating conditions, the main business income of food industry reached 5.50356 trillion yuan from Jan. to July, accounting for 9.20% of the total operating revenue of all industrial enterprises, up 8.58% year on year; the total profit of food industry was 411.04 billion yuan, up 8.72% year on year, accounting for 9.68% of the total profit of all industrial enterprises. By segments, the profits of agricultural and sideline product processing industry, food processing industry and beverage industry respectively were 178.67 billion yuan, 115.82 billion yuan and 116.55 billion yuan.

4  Operation efficiency of capital: from Jan. to July, the operating profit ratio of food industry was 6.38%, and the total return on assets was 6.32%; total asset turnover and current assets turnover of food industry respectively were 0.99 and 1.91. The operating efficiency of food industry was much higher than that of other industries.

From January to July, agricultural and sideline products processing industry realized an operating profit ratio of 4.57%, much lower than the average level, while food processing industry and beverage industry respectively saw operating profit ratios of 8.23% and 11.81%, ranking first and fourth among all industries.

6 Added value: comprehensively considering sales revenue, product inventory and main business cost of enterprises, the added value of food industry was 1.30304 billion yuan from Jan. to July, reaching a year-on-year growth rate of 6.75% which was lower than the growth rate (11.563%) of all industrial enterprises, accounting for 9.25% of the added value of all industrial enterprises. The value-added rate of sales revenue of food industry was 20.24%, and passed that (20.12%) of all industries, of which, the value-added rates of agricultural & sideline products, food manufacturing and beverage industry respectively were 16.54%, 23.94% and 32.03%.

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